SBS Vital Topics Booklet Index
There are other extant Greek texts which are referred to as the 'Minority Texts' simply because they represent only about 5% of existing manuscripts. Another 5% are Neutral Texts: sometimes agreeing with the majority and at others with the minority. The 'Minority Texts' are also known as the Alexandrian Texts because they were produced in Alexandria in Egypt. The Minority Texts were rejected by the early Christians and also by all the Protestant Reformers of the 16th and 17th centuries. The Reformers, who were well aware of the existence of the Minority Texts, considered them unfit for translation purposes. These are very important points to bear in mind. Why did the early Christians and the Protestant Reformers reject the Minority Texts?
The answer is:
Proof of these astonishing allegations will follow
in Part Two where we will take a close look at some 80+
Bible verses corrupted by the Minority Text.
Yet, startling as it may sound, virtually every modern English
Bible relies on the Minority Text as its underlying New Testament
text in preference to Textus Receptus! Isn't that an amazing
revelation? What brought about this almost incredible switch
from the reliable Textus Receptus, beloved by the early
Christian church and the Protestant Reformers, to the corrupt
minority text favoured by the Roman Catholic Church? It is
important that you find out soon: because the modern "Bible"
you may be faithfully studying every day is really nothing more
than a counterfeit posing as the Word of God! If it is
any consolation to you, do remember that I was equally in the
dark and totally devastated by my findings.
In this article we will not analyse these footnotes,
simply because there are scores of them scattered throughout the
modern translations and each has a slightly different slant. However,
one thing they all have in common: and that is, they ALL cast
doubt on the accuracy of the Authorised King James Bible!
By implication they all claim to be more accurate and reliable
than the King James Version. In the preface of the Revised Standard
Version (RSV) we read this misleading statement. "Yet
the King James Version has grave defects." Oh
how subtle is Satan, how evil and how sinister! The stunning fact
is: the very opposite is true. The King James Version is infinitely
more accurate and reliable than ANY modern English translation
on the market today. And that is why for nearly 400 years
it has had - and continues to have - the blessing of the Almighty
God upon it: something no modern version or translation can come
anywhere near. Most, after a decade or two, disappear from the
book shops, only to re-appear some years later with a few alterations
under a new name.
How did it happen that the Minority Text supplanted
the trustworthy and respected Textus Receptus which triggered
the great Protestant Reformation during which tens of thousands
of true believers perished by flame, famine and torture? Who is
behind this dangerous deception that has engulfed the Christian
Church? Do you know? Do you care? Is it important? Does it really
I most certainly didn't know. But I do believe that
it is vitally important that every believer know that Satan
is behind it: not any particular Church, its leaders or its
members - but the great enemy of souls! He is behind every
deception ever aimed at the human race and millions, in and out
of the church, believe his lies. I for one had been living in
blissful ignorance of the danger for many years; till a massive
heart attack laid me flat on my back and I was moved - yea inwardly
compelled - to make a deep study of the History of God's Word
and how He has providentially preserved it till today.
Now let us turn our attention to the Minority Text's two most prominent manuscripts on which most modern translations of the Bible heavily rely. They are called Codex Sinaiticus (Aleph ) and Codex Vaticanus (B). The word 'codex,' incidentally, means that the manuscript is in book form, with pages, as opposed to being a scroll. But first a little about the man whom God raised up over 150 years ago to expose the errors of the Minority Texts. His name is John Burgon.
|Quote:|| "John William Burgon was born August
21, 1813. He matriculated at Oxford in 1841, taking several high
honours there, and his B.A. 1845. He took his M.A. there in 1848
thing about Burgon, however, which lifts him out of the
nineteenth century English setting and endears him to the hearts
of earnest Christians of other lands and other ages is his steadfast
defence of the scriptures as the infallible Word of God. He strove
with all his power to arrest the modernistic currents which during
his lifetime had begun to flow within the Church of England, continuing
his efforts with unabated zeal up to the very day of his death.
With this purpose in mind he laboured mightily in the field of
New Testament textual criticism.
In 1860, while temporary chaplain of the English congregation at Rome, he made a personal examination of Codex B (Vaticanus), and in 1862 he inspected the treasures of St. Catherine's Convent on Mt. Sinai. Later he made several tours of European libraries, examining and collating New Testament manuscripts wherever he went Of all the critics of the nineteenth century Burgon alone was consistently Christian in his vindication of the Divine inspiration and providential preservation of the text of Holy Scripture
Burgon regarded the good state of preservation of B (Codex Vaticanus) and Aleph (Codex Sinaiticus) in spite of their exceptional age as proof not of their goodness but of their badness. If they had been good manuscripts, they would have been read to pieces long ago. We suspect that these two manuscripts are indebted for their preservation, solely to their ascertained evil character; which has occasioned that the one eventually found its way, four centuries ago, to a forgotten shelf in the Vatican Library; while the other, after exercising the ingenuity of several generations of critical Correctors, eventually (viz. in A.D.1844) got deposited in the wastepaper basket of the Convent at the foot of Mount Sinai.
B (Vaticanus) and Aleph (Sinaiticus) been copies of average purity,
they must long since have shared the inevitable fate of books
which are freely used and highly prized; namely, they would have
fallen into decadence and disappeared from sight. Thus the
fact that B and Aleph are so old is a point against them, not
something in their favour.
For an orthodox Christian Burgon's view is the only reasonable one. If we believe that God gave the Church guidance in regard to the New Testament books, then surely it is logical to believe that God gave the church similar guidance in regard to the text which these books contained
Who but those with Roman Catholic sympathies could ever be pleased with the notion that God preserved the true New Testament text in secret for almost one thousand years and then finally handed it over to the Roman pontiff for safekeeping? Surely every orthodox Protestant will prefer to think with Burgon that God preserved the true text of the Greek New Testament in the usage of the Greek-speaking Church down through the centuries and then delivered it up intact to the Protestant reformers." (Ref:F11)
|Quote:|| "The Sinaiticus is a manuscript that was
found in 1844 in a trash pile in St.Catherine's Monastery near
Mt. Sinai, by a man named Mr Tischendorf. It contains nearly all
of the New Testament plus it adds the 'Shepherd of Hermes'
and the 'Epistle of Barnabas' to the New Testament. The
Sinaiticus is extremely unreliable, proven by examining
the manuscript itself. John Burgon spent years examining every
available manuscript of the New Testament. He writes about Sinaiticus...
'On many occasions 10, 20, 30, 40 words are dropped
through very carelessness. Letters, words or even whole sentences
are frequently written twice over, or begun and immediately cancelled;
while that gross blunder, whereby a clause is omitted because
it happens to end in the same words as the clause preceding, occurs
no less than 115 times in the New Testament.
In his excellent book An Understandable History Of The Bible, Rev. Samuel Gipp writes of Codex Sinaiticus:
|Quote:||"One of the MSS is called Sinaiticus and is represented by the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet, Aleph. This MS from all outward appearances looks very beautiful. It is written in book form (codex) on vellum. It contains 147 1/2 leaves. The pages are 15" by 13 1/2" with four columns of 48 lines per page. It contains many spurious books such as the 'Shepherd of Hermes,' the 'Epistle of Barnabas' and even the Didache.|
The great Greek scholar, Dr Scrivener, points this out in his historic work A Full Collation of the Codex Sinaiticus. He speaks of correctional alterations made to the MS: 'The Codex is covered with such alterations... brought in by at least ten different revisers, some of them systematically spread over every page, others occasional or limited to separated portions of the MS, many of these being contemporaneous with the first writer, but the greater part belonging to the sixth or seventh century.' " (Ref:B5)
Of Codex Vaticanus Samuel Gipp writes on page 72:
|Quote:|| "This codex omits many portions of Scripture
vital to Christian doctrine. Vaticanus
omits Genesis 1.1 through Genesis 46:28; Psalms 106 through 138;
Matthew 16:2,3; Romans 16:24; the Pauline Pastoral Epistles; Revelation;
and everything in Hebrews after 9:14.
It seems suspicious indeed that a MS possessed by the Roman Catholic church omits the portion of the book of Hebrews which exposes the 'mass' as totally useless (Please read Hebrews 10:10-12). The 'mass' in conjunction with the false doctrine of purgatory go hand-in-hand to form a perpetual money making machine for Rome. Without one or the other, the Roman Catholic Church would go broke!
It also omits portions of the Scripture telling of the creation (Genesis), the prophetic details of the crucifixion (Psalm 22), and, of course, the portion which prophesies of the destruction of Babylon (Rome), the great whore of Revelation chapter 17.
Vaticanus , though intact
physically, is found to be in poor literary quality. Dr Martin
declares, 'B' exhibits numerous places where the scribe has written
the same word or phrase twice in succession. Dr J Smythe states,
'From one end to the other, the whole manuscript has been travelled
over by the pen of some
scribe of about the tenth century.'
If Vaticanus was considered a trustworthy text originally,
the mass of corrections and scribal changes obviously render its
testimony highly suspicious and questionable."
Rev. Gipp continues on page 73:
|Quote:|| "The corrupt and unreliable nature of these
two MSS (Sinaiticus and Vaticanus) is best summed
up by one who has thoroughly examined them, John W Burgon: 'The
impurity of the text exhibited by these codices is not a question
of opinion but fact...In the Gospels alone, Codex B(Vatican)
leaves out words or whole clauses no less than 1,491 times.
It bears traces of careless transcriptions on every page
If we are to be thorough and discriminatory in our evaluation of the true New Testament text, then we must not -- we cannot -- overlook these facts.' How did these MSS come into being? How did it happen that they should be beautiful to the eye, yet within contain such vile and devastating corruption? It seems that these uncial MSS along with the papyrus MSS included in this category all resulted from a revision of the true, or Universal Text. This revision was enacted in Egypt by Egyptian scribes! " (Ref:B6)
Rev. Gipp continues:
|Quote:||"So we see that once a pure copy of the Universal Text (Textus Receptus) had been carried down into Egypt, it was recopied. During the process of this recopying, it was revised by men who did not revere it as truly the Word of God. This text was examined by the critical eye of Greek philosophy and Egyptian morals. These men saw nothing wrong with putting the Book in subjection to their opinion instead of their opinion being in subjection to the book. This process produced a text which was local to the educational centre of Alexandria, Egypt. This text went no further than southern Italy where the Roman Catholic Church found its unstable character perfect for overthrowing the true Word of God which was being used universally by the true Christians." (Ref:B7)|
The Westminster Dictionary of the Bible has this to say about Codex Vaticanus (B) on page 624 under the article Versions.
|Quote:||" It should be noted, however, that there is no prominent Biblical MS. in which there occur such gross cases of misspelling, faulty grammar, and omission, as in B." (Ref:H2)|
Barry Burton comments further:
|Quote:|| "For one thing
Vaticanus and Sinaiticus
disagree with each other over 3000 times in the gospels alone
Facts about the Vaticanus.
"It was written on fine vellum (tanned animal skins) and remains in excellent condition. It was found in the Vatican Library in 1481 AD. In spite of being in excellent condition, it omits Genesis 1:1-Gen.46:28, Psalm 106-138, Matt.16:2-3, the Pauline pastoral Epistles, Hebrews 9:14-13:25, and all of Revelation. These parts were probably left out on purpose."
"Besides all that - in the gospels alone it leaves out 237 words, 452 clauses and 748 whole sentences, which hundreds of later copies agree together as having the same words in the same places, the same clauses in the same places and the same sentences in the same places... The Vaticanus was available to the translators of the King James Bible, but they did not use it because they knew it is unreliable." (Ref:C2)
Dean Burgon comments on Codices Sinaiticus (Aleph)and Vaticanus.
|Quote:||"Compromise of any sort between the two conflicting parties, is impossible; for they simply contradict one another. Codd.B and Aleph are either amongst the purist of manuscripts,- or else they are among the very foulest. The Text of Drs.Westcott and Hort is either the very best which has ever appeared,- or else it is the very worst; the nearest to the sacred Autographs,- or furthest from them." "There is no room for both opinions; and there cannot exist any middle view." (Ref: P3)|
In his masterful book Revision Revised Dean Burgon wrote, over a hundred years ago, concerning the ages of Codices Vatican (B) and Sinai (Aleph):
|Quote:|| "Lastly, - We suspect that these two Manuscripts
are indebted for their preservation, solely to their ascertained
evil character, which has occasioned that the one eventually
found its way, four centuries ago, to a forgotten shelf in the
Vatican library; while the other, after exercising the
ingenuity of several generations of critical Correctors, eventually
(viz. in A.D. 1844) got deposited in the waste-paper basket
of the Convent at the foot of mount Sinai. Had B and Aleph been
copies of average purity, they must long since have shared the
inevitable fate of books which are freely used and highly prized;
namely, they would have fallen into decadence and disappeared
from sight." (Ref: P1)|
In short these two codices are old simply because:
Can any true believer imagine JEHOVAH, the Holy One of Israel, hiding Codex Vaticanus away for over 1000 years in the Vatican Library till 1481? or prompting the deeply religious monks of St Catherine's Monastery to dump Sinaiticus into a waste basket? The very idea is ridiculous.
A vital fact to remember is that though codices Aleph and B (produced in the 4th century) are older than other Greek manuscript copies of the Scriptures, they are not older than the Peshitta, Italic, the Old Latin Vulgate and the Waldensian versions which were produced 200 years earlier in the 2nd century. All these versions, copies of which are still in existence, agree with Textus Receptus, the underlying text of the King James Bible. I repeat: these ancient versions are some 200 years older than Vaticanus and Sinaiticus: so the 'oldest is best' argument should not be used. All Bibles fall, basically, into one of two categories.
Which Bible you select for study each day is going
to have an enormous effect on your spiritual growth and well being.
Bear this vital fact in mind.
"In the reign of Edward 1 of England, about
1272, the price of a complete (hand-written) Bible was from £30
to £37, and occupied a careful scribe in his scriptorium
about ten months, while the days wage of a working man only averaged
1.5 pennies. When it is borne in mind that it only cost £25
to build two arches of London Bridge in 1240, while the price
of a complete Latin Bible was considerably more, it will readily
be allowed that only the rich and scholarly had access to the
Word of God."
If printing, rightly used, could do so much to spread
Truth, who can imagine the potential for the spread of Truth on
or printing will root us out.' "
Elder: David B Loughran
Stewarton Bible School, Stewarton, Scotland
If printing, rightly used, could do so much to spread Truth, who can imagine the potential for the spread of Truth on the Internet?